Frontiers of stochastic electronic structure calculations

The Journal of Chemical Physics, Volume 154, Issue 17, May 2021. In recent years there has been a rapid growth in the development and application of new stochastic methods in electronic structure. These methods are quite diverse, from many-body wave function techniques in real space or determinant space to being used to sum perturbative expansions. This growth has been spurred by the more favorable scaling with the number of electrons and often better parallelization over large numbers of central processing unit (CPU) cores or graphical processing units (GPUs) than for high-end non-stochastic wave function based methods. This special issue of the Journal of Chemical Physics includes 33 papers that describe recent developments and applications in this area. As seen from the articles in the issue, stochastic electronic structure methods are applicable to both molecules and solids and can accurately describe systems with strong electron correlation. This issue was motivated, in part, by the 2019 Telluride Science Research Center workshop on Stochastic Electronic Structure Methods that we organized. Below we briefly describe each of the papers in the special issue, dividing the papers into six subtopics.