Dispersion in dielectric-lined waveguides designed for terahertz-driven deflection of electron beams

Applied Physics Letters, Volume 118, Issue 14, April 2021. We have developed dielectric-lined rectangular waveguide structures for terahertz (THz)-driven ultrafast deflection of 100 keV electron beams. The structures were designed to achieve THz phase velocity matching with co-propagating electron bunches. The phase-matching capability was experimentally confirmed through time-frequency analysis of the broadband coherent THz transmission measured by electro-optic sampling. The analysis determined both the frequency-dependent propagation constants in the electron interaction region and the propagation characteristics of the integrated THz tapered coupler.