Ultrasound differential phase contrast using backscattering and the memory effect

Applied Physics Letters, Volume 118, Issue 12, March 2021. We describe a simple and fast technique to perform ultrasound differential phase contrast (DPC) imaging in arbitrarily thick scattering media. Although configured in a reflection geometry, DPC is based on transmission imaging and is a direct analog of optical differential interference contrast. DPC exploits the memory effect and works in combination with standard pulse-echo imaging, with no additional hardware or data requirements, enabling complementary phase contrast (in the transverse direction) without any need for intensive numerical computation. We experimentally demonstrate the principle of DPC using tissue phantoms with calibrated speed-of-sound inclusions.