Extended source of indistinguishable polarization-entangled photons over wide angles of emission

Applied Physics Letters, Volume 117, Issue 24, December 2020. The generation of high-fidelity polarization-entangled photon pairs, to date, has been demonstrated on specific spatial modes or over relatively narrow apertures. We put forward and demonstrate an experimental scheme to extend the temporal and spatial indistinguishability of polarization-entangled photons over wide emission angles, which can be applied to cover the whole spontaneous parametric downconversion (SPDC) cone. Over such a wide angular extent, while the time-delay map is almost flat which renders the conventional compensation via a birefringent element an appropriate approach, the relative-phase map—verified as a quadratic function—necessitates a tunable compensation paradigm. Here, to do so, we employ a phase-only two-dimensional spatial light modulator (2D SLM) loaded by the complementary of the relative phase map to equalize the phase variations for one third of the noncollinear SPDC emission. After eliminating the temporal and spatial distinguishability over the 2D SLM area, a 97% polarization visibility is verified for the entangled photon pairs scattered widely across the SPDC cone.

Extended source of indistinguishable polarization-entangled photons over wide angles of emission

Applied Physics Letters, Volume 117, Issue 24, December 2020. The generation of high-fidelity polarization-entangled photon pairs, to date, has been demonstrated on specific spatial modes or over relatively narrow apertures. We put forward and demonstrate an experimental scheme to extend the temporal and spatial indistinguishability of polarization-entangled photons over wide emission angles, which can be applied to cover the whole spontaneous parametric downconversion (SPDC) cone. Over such a wide angular extent, while the time-delay map is almost flat which renders the conventional compensation via a birefringent element an appropriate approach, the relative-phase map—verified as a quadratic function—necessitates a tunable compensation paradigm. Here, to do so, we employ a phase-only two-dimensional spatial light modulator (2D SLM) loaded by the complementary of the relative phase map to equalize the phase variations for one third of the noncollinear SPDC emission. After eliminating the temporal and spatial distinguishability over the 2D SLM area, a 97% polarization visibility is verified for the entangled photon pairs scattered widely across the SPDC cone.